Yosemite National Park is a United States National Park. The park is known for the unique biodiversity of flora and fauna and is famous for its exceptional landscape.
In the Yosemite area more than 2,500 rivers and streams, thousands of lakes (area of each - not less than 100 square meters), dozens of waterfalls (Yosemite Falls, the height of 739 meters - the largest in North America) are located.
The park consists mainly of granitic rocks.
Yosemite Falls - is the common name of the cascade of waterfalls in Yosemite National Park. In those years when the snow falls in small amounts, in the late summer - early autumn waterfall can be almost completely dry.
Its likle the head of a monkey, isn't it? From geological point of view the park has a unique collection of different geological formations. This is the greatest concentration of granite in the world and the largest granite monolith in the U.S. and beyond.
Yosemite Valley - the most visited section of the park. There are one of the most popular sites among the climbers - a granite cliff of El Capitan (2307 meters above sea level). On its eastern side in February at dusk you can see the "fire" waterfall "Horse Tail".
In Yosemite there are about 1,300 km of paved routes. In the upper part of the park there are organized hiking trails along the mountain ridges, composed of red metamorphic rock and granite mountains through Konnes.
Prior to the discovery in 1848 of gold deposits in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada, the territory on which the park is now located, was not settled by Europeans. Here tribes of the Sierra Miwok were living. Since the beginning of "gold rush", armed clashes between tribes and settlers began.
In order to impose the rules Yosemite sent government troops. Most of the Indians were captured and their village burned.
In 1864 Abraham Lincoln signed the document - the Yosemite Grant - in which areas of Yosemite Valley and Mariposa Grove assigned a status of state parks. In 1891 the park was given national status.