Waitomo Caves (Waitomo Caves) - a village of the same name and the famous caves , which are the main attraction of the Southern Areas Waikato (Waikato), in the North Island of New Zealand , 12 kilometers northwest of the town of Te Kuiti (Te Kuiti).
So, to the Waitomo Caves tourists come to see ... the starry sky. That's what the cave ceilings with firefly larvae Arachnocampa luminosa, which, according to scientists, lit mostly from starvation. And the more acute hunger - the brighter the glow.
Thus , the researchers say , the larvae of insects are lured into their trap - threads of silk that this little thing spins , hangs from the ceiling and makes droop . In fact, other researchers have found that quite amazing fireflies can do without insects, and gladly eat fungi spores , which will not have allure . In addition, thousands of glowing from hunger lichinochih ventricles are able to " turn off " , fearing approximation curious tourists . So wonderful illuminations in the darkness of the cave - it's just a tiny beings desire for beauty and perfection . These caves as some scientists believe , more than two million years
First caves were explored in 1887 by local leader Tanya Tioranu and English naturalist Fred Mays . While Maori locals knew about the existence of caves, underground caves but have not been investigated . Tanya Tioranu and Fred Mays built a raft of flax stalks , took light and swam in the cave. Once inside the cave , they blinded by the light of many bright lights. As soon as my eyes adjusted to the darkness, they saw a lot of lights reflected from the water , looking up , they found that the ceilings are dotted with a large number of insects. Upon returning , they have continued to further explore caves and insects found in the caves .