Steve Jobs, founder of the legendary company Apple, died at age 56 after a long illness. Since January of 2011, Jobs has been on leave for health reasons, and on 24 August announced that he is leaving as CEO of the company, which was replaced by Tim Cook. During his nearly forty years of his career, Steve Jobs offered some revolutionary decisions that changed the face of an entire industry.
During his nearly forty years of his career in Silicon Valley guru Steve Jobs offered some revolutionary decisions that changed the face of an entire industry. Let us recall the milestones of formation of this unique and charismatic leader.
In 1976, Steve Jobs, along with his comrades founded Apple Inc. - A company that asked for all the vector of personal computers. He is one of the first to realize the huge commercial potential of the graphical user interface, use the mouse and control with the help of "clicks" - what today we see almost every personal computer.
Jobs met another co-founder of Apple, Steve Wozniak, working as a student - trainee in famous company Hewlett-Packard. Jobs went to study at Reed College, but all through the semester, and threw it back in 1974 in Silicon Valley, where he and Wozniak started attending meetings Computer Club Homebrew (Samodelkina).
The first computer company Apple could be found in shops County Bay Area, and it cost 666 dollars 66 cents. The computer was a set of printed circuit boards, parts placers, and 16 pages of instructions. To build the current machine, the user must have been somewhere to get the power supply, keyboard and monitor.
On the technical mastery Jobs could be compared only to the ability of the entrepreneur. His stubbornness and unshakable faith in his ideas led to the mass differences with his colleagues and critics, earning him a reputation as a hard head and captious.
In 1983, Jobs invited the president of Pepsi Co, John Sculley to share with him the reins, and Wozniak from Apple. However, the cooperation went wrong, and was soon followed by a decline in the market led to the suspension of production and forced the leaders of the Apple review its marketing and technical strategies. By 1985, Steve Jobs ousted from the company, one of the founding of which he was.
Retirement Jobs seemed only spurred his desire to reshape the world of personal computers. His next venture - a company NeXT Computer - Apple and refined to achieve the following set up a PC in an elegant building of the manganese alloy, advanced at the time a graphical interface, built-in Ethernet port, and many other successful technical solutions. The unit cost is too expensive to be widely distributed, but he asked the vector of the next generation of personal computers.
In the absence of Steve Jobs, Apple punted, and could even go bankrupt in the mid 90s. Finally, in 1996 the company announced that it bought NeXT Computer for 429 million dollars, and so Steve Jobs returned to the bosom of which he founded a company. In 1998, Steve Jobs has been appointed acting CEO.
Over the years that Steve was out of Apple, bought and promoted the development of computer animation studio Pixar. The first product is an art studio - cartoon "Toy Story» (Toy Story), released in 1995, has collected $ 360 million and made the studio one of the biggest figures in Hollywood. Since then, the studio has released a number of very successful films, including such masterpieces as "Find Nemo», «Cars», «Valley», «Up». In the 2006 "Disney" bought the studio for $ 7.4 billion, and Jobs was the owner of the solid portion of shares of the legendary company.
Many of the innovations used in computers, NeXT, have found their way into the next generation of computers Apple. Jobs has restored the reputation of the company, releasing a series of brilliant products such as iMac and straightened commercial business by opening a network of retail outlets that sold equipment and supplies exclusively Apple.
In 2001, Jobs has made a new revolution in the world of electronic gadgets, bringing out iPod. As new functionality has surpassed earlier players and are easy to use and stylish design. In parallel, started iTunes - a virtual online store that forever changed the face of the music industry. Members of the legendary group U2, Bono and The Edge (pictured), supported the initiative and participated in the Jobs' presentation of the iPod in 2004
In 2007, Jobs has turned his attention to cell phones. In the same year he introduced the world to the iPhone, which quickly sold on the market of 6 million copies and caught up in popularity with some of the brands were present in the market for years, such as a Blackberry. iPhone - is not only a mobile phone, it is also a point of access to the Internet with advanced user interface and a large library of applications built vast army of programmers to Apple.
Fortune wrote that Jobs "is one of the leading egomanyakov Silicon Valley." Comments on his temperamental style can be found in "The Little Kingdom" Mike Moritz - one of the few authorized biographies of Jobs in the "Second Coming of Steve Jobs" by Alan Deutschman and "iKone. Steve Jobs "by Jeffrey Young and William Simon. In 1993, Jobs has led the Fortune list of the most difficult bosses of America.
Jobs listed as the primary inventor or co-author of a more than 230 awarded patents or patent applications related to the spectrum of technologies from real computers and portable devices to the user interface (including sensory), audio speakers, keyboards, power adapters, ladders, zip, hoses, belts and bags.
In August 2009, Jobs was chosen as the most respected businessman among adolescents in the survey Junior Achievement. November 5, 2009 Fortune magazine named Steve Jobs CEO of the decade. In November 2009, Jobs took the place of number 57 in the list of most influential people in the world in Forbes. In December 2010 the Financial Times named Jobs' man of the year.
In January 2010, Jobs announced that Apple will soon introduce a new mini-computer. Essentially similar to the iPhone, it will have a much larger screen, making it more convenient and enjoyable things such as reading, games and watching videos. New to have the same success as its predecessors. It was the iPad. We know that in business and technology Steven Jobs is guided by the motto of the famous hockey player Wayne Gretzky: "I rush to where the puck will be, not where it is or was."
In August 2011, Jobs resigned as CEO Apple, but remained in the company as chairman of the board of directors. On his retirement, Steve Jobs announced in an open letter released August 24, 2011. In the letter, he thanked all employees for good work, it is strongly recommended to appoint the successor to Tim Cook, and expressed a desire to work chairman Apple.