In 1963, when Hawking was 21, doctors diagnosed him with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, a disease of the central nervous system that is currently incurable. In 90 percent of cases the question of why the disease remains a mystery. Illness affects the motor neurons of the spinal cord and is manifested in the progressive loss of muscle mass. The disease begins with violations of the musculoskeletal system, and then paralysis and atrophy of individual muscle groups, there are disorders of speech and swallowing.
He is 70 years old and currently Stephen William Hawking is one of the most influential and well-known public theoretical physicists of our time.
Pictured: Stephen Hawking (left) with her sister Mary. Hawking is hiding from reporters, not without reason, knowing that the writing fraternity was not interested in his stories about the structure of the universe. "Their implies to me a simple human interest in how I manage to be a theoretical physicist in spite of his illness," - he admitted in his autobiography, "Black Holes and the young universe." "Before, life seemed boring. Now I'm definitely happier. The prospect of early death made me realize that life is worth to be lived. So much can be done, everyone can do so much! I do have a feeling that, despite his condition, I have made a significant contribution to human knowledge. Of course, I was very lucky ... ". "My mother said that I have a strong sense of wonder. She saw that I was a child drawn to the stars. "
In the photo: Stephen at the age of 12 years in the garden of St. Alban his house and yard in Oxford. "In class, I was always a middle. But classmates call me Einstein - probably felt some kind of credentials. When I was 12, one of my friends bet each other on a bag of candy that I would not work. I do not know, ever resolved this dispute, and in whose favor. "
In the picture: The wedding of Jane Wilde in 1965. "After the tracheotomy operation around the clock I needed a nurse. It makes all the more tension in our marriage to Jane (Hawking's first wife). Eventually I moved into a new apartment in Cambridge. In 1995, I married his nurse Elaine Mason, with whom he lived for 11 years. But in October 2006 we filed for divorce. I now have three children and grandson. "
In the photo: A scene from the documentary "hawking", BBC, 2004. "People buy my book" A Brief History of Time "(she hit the Guinness Book of Records as the book, the longest held out on the bestseller list, and kept this list until now.) Because they have seen reviews of it on the bestseller list, but not read it, but simply hidden in a cabinet or put on the coffee table, take credit for its acquisition, but has made no effort to make her understand. I have no doubt that this happens, but I think no more frequently than with other major books, including the Bible and Shakespeare. "
In the picture: The wedding of Stephen Hawking and Elaine Mason in 1995. "In the universe of 100 billion galaxies, each containing hundreds of millions of stars, it is unlikely that the Earth is the only place where life evolves. From a purely mathematical point of view, the numbers alone can make the idea of â€‹â€‹the existence of extraterrestrial life as absolutely reasonable. The real problem is how aliens might look like, whether they like earthlings to their views. After all, they can be single-celled microbes, or animals, or worms that inhabited the Earth millions of years. "
Hawking has called "completely reasonable" assumption of the existence of intelligent life elsewhere in the universe. And also added that the Earth may be at risk of colonization. "We have only to look at ourselves to see as something reasonable can become something with which we do not want to face - explains Stephen. - I think they can live in large ships, as have exhausted all the natural resources of their planet. These aliens are at a very high level of development and begin to migrate in order to capture any suitable planet. The desire to rob us - this is one of the reasons why you should not go to the contact with alien races, "If aliens ever appear here, it can be compared with the arrival of Christopher Columbus to America. And then, for the Indians somehow not very well formed. "
Pictured: Professor Stephen Hawking in an episode of The Simpsons, which first aired in 1999. "The assumption has a profound sense of limitlessness to assess the role of God in the affairs of the universe. Now largely recognized that the universe evolves according to a well-defined laws. These laws could be established by God, but it seems that he is no longer interfere in the life of the universe to break them. Cause of God was to have a clock and run it as he pleases. In this case, the current state of the universe would be the result of God's choice of initial conditions. "
"I really want to know what happens to a black hole, where it evaporates."
Synthesizer that produces the voice of Stephen, is unique. "A programmer from California Walt Uoltosts sent me a computer program" Equalizer, "which he wrote. This allowed me to select from a menu on the screen, pressing his hand on the key. The program also responds to the movements of the head and eyes. Constructed in this way a phrase I could send to the speech synthesizer. Then David Mason of the "Cambridge Adaptive Kommyunikeyshenz" has built a small personal computer and voice synthesizer in my wheelchair. First, some mobility remained only my index finger on his right hand. Subsequently, the mobility remains only in the facial muscle cheek, which is enshrined in front of the sensor. With it, I run a computer. "
"The only trouble is, the speech synthesizer in his American accent. But now I have affinity with this voice and do not want to change it, even if I was offered a British accent. I would have felt like a different person. "
"My goal is very simple. I want to understand the universe, why it is so arranged as arranged, and why we're here. "
"I'm not sure that the human race will live at least another thousand years, if you do not find a way to escape into space. There are many scenarios of how all living things can die on a small planet. But I'm an optimist. We do reach the stars. "
In the photo: April 26, 2007 Hawking flew in weightlessness (on a special plane). "Life would be very tragic if it were not so funny, and very important to just give up."