Lofoten - laconic perfection of nature.
" Lofoten " - a chain of islands, towering out of the sea and forming a 170 -kilometer barrier between Vestfjord and the North Sea . Here are woven feats Viking drama fishermen and call of the sea , the best fishing for cod and ancient tradition of drying the fish , unique color - rorbu fishing lodges on the ocean and fishing settlements. Rocky islands , separated by narrow straits. The most famous of the straits - Trollford . Very narrow fjord with shoals requires special skills captains passing through it cruises , and is recognized as one of the most photographed species Norway. Relax in one of the busiest cafes surrounded by rocky landscapes or visit the gallery of ice sculptures in Svolvare . In the aquarium Kabelvaga collected all kinds of fish found in the northern seas , and live seals and Gallery in Lofoten Henningsvare - the biggest in Norway collection of paintings by artists of the Golden Age of Northern Norway .
Lofoten is some of the most mysterious parts of the world , the main advantage of which - a unique untouched nature , wild , beautiful and dramatic . It peaked mountains with peaks that grow directly out of the ocean and sandy beaches , stormy sea , splashed out on the land , and secluded coves with clear water emerald and white sand, thousands of islands and islets. Despite the fact that the Lofoten and Vesteralen archipelago located in the Arctic Circle , thanks to the Gulf Stream , the climate is mild in the region , even in winter the temperature above zero , and in July and August - the warmest months with an average temperature of 14 °C.
Rich fishing tradition and landscape, elegantly combines all the features of the coastal areas of the Atlantic - the abundance of the archipelago , intricately indented coastline and soft saturated colors . It Vesteralen archipelago , north of Lofoten , you will find the longest sandy beach in Norway - Bleykstranda . Andenes is Europe's largest museum of Whales , where you can learn everything about whales , learn to distinguish their views and see the 16-meter skeleton of a sperm whale beached in 1996. The whole city Vesteralena Sortland became part of the art project , when all the buildings here were painted blue , symbolizing the sea.
Nature of the islands is very rich . It is home to even very rare birds . Thus, it is impossible to meet mule Curlew anywhere else in the world except the island Anda . Puffins , common murre , cormorants , herons , Bluethroat , fulmars , gannets and swans create numerous colonies on the islands of Lofoten and Vesteralen , arctic seals basking on coastal rocks , and in the depths of the ocean inhabited by giant giants - whales . Vesteralen archipelago - the only place in Norway, where throughout the summer organized daily safari - whale watching . Thousands of tourists from around the world come here to see the sea giants . Most often you can see sperm whales , but if you're lucky , you can also look at the toothed whales , minke whales , humpback whales, dolphins and killer whales.
Lofoten - the kingdom of fishermen and the Vikings
The first settlements in the Lofoten islands appeared more than 8,000 years ago. Were found on the islands built in the Viking Age , and one of the most unique and greatest designs ever found in the restored Viking Museum Lofotr . Center of the museum is a reconstructed life-size house of the leader of the Vikings - 83 meters long and 9 - wide. Fishing for centuries was the main occupation in the Lofoten Islands and Vesteralene . Dried cod, which is caught and prepared in Lofoten , sold throughout Europe, starting from the 14th century. And now along the entire coast of the island you will find numerous pyramidal rack with dried cod , and in the end of March each year in the world championship held Svolvare on catching cod . Lofoten Museum of dried cod in the village of O - the southernmost point of the island , reachable by car - will talk about the long history of cod fishing and processing , as well as the life of Norwegian fishermen .