General Sherman is a giant Sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum), growing in the "Giant Forest" national park "Sequoia" in California, USA. In scope is the biggest tree in the world. General Sherman tree height of 83.8 m, the volume of the trunk measured in 1487 cubic meters, weight - 1900 tons, and age - in the 2300-2700 years.
Tree "General Sherman" - the largest and heaviest living organism on the planet. However, it is neither the tallest sequoia (the record belongs to the tree Hyperion, relating to the form of evergreen sequoia), nor the highest representative of the Giant Sequoia (known specimens of 95 m in height, but they have a smaller volume). We also know that felled in the middle of the 1940s the tree "Giant Krennell Creek" (English. Crannell Creek Giant) sequoia evergreen species that grew near the town of Trinidad, was approximately 15-25% greater volume than the General Sherman
In the nineteenth century, the area where the famous tree grows, researcher John Muir (John Muir), called the "Giant forest" when obnaruzhml giant Sequoia. The name of this part of the park, "Giant Forest" continues to this day. Many tourists General Sherman tree, striking with its size, describe it as a red-orange "stone", the top of which you can not see.
Tourists especially come to the park to see the General Sherman tree, named after the hero of the Civil War General William Sherman (William Sherman), and photographed. Near the Sequoia they seem so fragile and small.
For a long time it was believed that General Sherman tree more than three thousand years, but recent research has determined its exact age - which is exactly two thousand years. So it was not the oldest tree in the world.
The oldest tree in the world, a special kind of Californian pine was 4484, when he was cut down in 1965. Were also cut down Sequoia, vozras which reached approximately 3000 years. It is believed that in the world there are still 5000th trees.
Winter of 2006, General Sherman tree has lost part of his crown fell off the biggest branch of a tree, the diameter of which was about two meters, and length - about 30 meters.
Scientists are concerned, does the tree die? However, have come to believe that this incident does not indicate any problems in the state tree, and can only be a natural protective mechanism against adverse weather conditions.
When the branches fall to the ground was destroyed fence around the tree and the road leading to it. Even after this tree General Sherman has not lost its status as the largest tree on the planet.
By General Sherman tree is a special track, and even people with disabilities can see this miracle. At the end of the walkway lined with brick tiles, which show to what place reach the roots of the tree.
Each year, the diameter of the trunk giginta grows by nearly 1.5 cm. General Sherman Tree is still growing and, according to the website of the National Park of California, annually adds wood, which was enough to five or six-bedroom house.
One of the secrets of longevity of giant sequoias is their thick and sturdy fire resistant bark. But it happens during frequent in southern California fires burn through the tree.