56-year-old Portuguese citizen named Renato Barros bought a small island in the Portuguese harbor of Funchal. He called his land kingdom Pontina, and called himself king Renato II.
In fact Pontina is very small island and only four citizens live there, Barros himself, his wife and their son and daughter. In addition to his Portuguese passport Barros has a passport Pontina kingdom from 0001.
By profession Barros is a teacher, but he also took on the role of the police, gardener, watchman and a member of the royal family in his own kingdom.
"I can be whatever I want - it's a dream, is not it? If I decide that we need a national anthem, I can select it and change at any time. Same thing with my flag - it can be blue today and red tomorrow. Of course, my power is absolutely only here, but here I am a real lord. "
The island belonged to a wealthy British family that was going to sell it for 31,000 dollars, as it was completely useless for them. Barros decided that it suits him for creating his own kingdom, but he had no money. Barros tried to find business partners, but they all thought he is crazy, because he was going to spend a lot of money for the purchase of bare rock with a cave without electricity or running water. So he had to sell some property and able to buy the island.
After purchasing the island Barros went on a diplomatic visit to the governor of Madeira, posing as the ruler of a neighboring state. In response, the governor threatened to deny him the power supply if it does not return back to the island state. In response to this Barros just installed a solar panel on the island to produce his own electricity.