Fingal's Cave (Fingal's Cave) - the famous sea caves, rock washed to sea water on the island of Staffa, which is part of a group of Internal Hebrides. The walls are composed of hexagonal basalt columns of vertical depth of 69 meters and a height of 20 meters. Included in the eponymous Scottish reserve.
Gaelic is called the Cave Uamh-Binn, which can be translated as "the cave of melody". Indeed, the sled like a dome vault this place has the unique acoustics. Bizarrely transformed sounds of the surf are given throughout the interior of the cave, which gives it a resemblance to a gigantic cathedral miraculous.
Discoverer of the cave was a naturalist Joseph Banks, who visited these places in 1772. Attracted by the fame of this miracle of nature, the island is visited by Walter Scott, William Wordsworth, John Keats, Alfred Tennyson, Jules Verne, August Strindberg (the cave is the scene of one of his works), Queen Victoria and artist Joseph Turner, who wrote in 1832 with a view of landscape the cave.
The current name of the cave was the overture to Mendelssohn's "Fingal's Cave", inspired by the melodic harmonies, which he heard during his visit to the cave in 1829, Fingal (literally, "white stranger") - the legendary hero of the white-haired Celtic antiquity, which told the world of James Macpherson one of the poems ossianovskogo cycle. According to legend, Fingal (or Fionn) paved the mound between Scotland and Ireland, the so-called giants of the Road.
An arched entrance to the cave was too narrow for boats. Visitors can get inside on a narrow path above the water's edge. When viewed from the outside of the cave, you can recognize the shape of the sacred island of Iona - the burial place of the ancient Scottish kings, including Macbeth.
"Fingal's Cave - one of the most extraordinary places, which I was privileged to behold. View it exceeded all that ever I heard of it. The cave consists entirely of basaltic pillars of equal height of the arches of the cathedral, going deep into the rock and washed for centuries deep sea zybyami. Seemed to be paved with marble alovatym, it can not be described in words. "- Sir Walter Scott.
Cave of Fingal - this is not the only place where there are such amazing basalt columns. About 40,000 of these related to each other form the columns of the Giants Road (which was also part of the dam, built blue eyes) in the coastal strip of County Antrim, situated in the north-east Ireland.